Description of the most productive varieties of zucchini for open ground
Zucchini are among the first to ripen on the site. Aral F1 marrow is an excellent variety that is suitable for growing in open and closed ground. Choosing varieties of zucchini for planting can be difficult. To find the best among the variety of hybrids, you will have to try more than one variety.
Classification of varieties
Currently, breeders have bred a large number of varieties of zucchini of various forms of fruits and different types. If earlier summer residents had to choose the largest and most beautiful fruits, then collect seeds from them and plant the next year in order to preserve the characteristics of the previous harvest. This is not necessary now. There are enough seeds on the market, from which any summer resident will find the most suitable one for himself.
Varieties of various types of zucchini with a description and characteristics of the fruit are classified according to a number of characteristics:
- According to the ripening period of vegetables, early ripening, mid-ripening and late varieties are distinguished.
- By type of bushes, plants are bush and climbing.
- Depending on the type of pollination of inflorescences, parthenocarpic or insect pollinated are distinguished.
- In appearance and fruit shade.
- Depending on the yield.
A study of these features of each variety of seeds before planting will allow you to choose the most suitable for growing in a specific region of residence and with certain climatic conditions. It will also allow you to get the maximum yield from growing.
Growing green zucchini for open field carried out in two periods. The first planting period begins on April 20 and ends on May 16.
Having planted seeds during this period, an early harvest is obtained. The second stage of planting seeds starts from 15 to 30 July. At the same time, the harvest ripens in the fall and is suitable for preparing blanks and long-term storage. Zucchini varieties are planted depending on the type of ripening.
It is advisable to grow seedlings of culture only in disposable peat cups. This rule is due to the fact that the seedlings do not like transplanting to a new place and may begin to die.
If the seedlings are located on northern windows, then they need additional lighting for several hours a day. When growing on southern windows, there is no need for additional lighting.
For planting seeds, use fertile soil, which must be purchased at a specialized store. Drainage is poured at the bottom of the cups, and then planting material is sown.
A week after the sprouts appear, they are watered with a solution of superphosphate and urea, diluted in 1 liter of water. A ready-made dressing is often used to activate bud growth. The second feed is introduced 10 days after the first.50 g of wood ash and nitrophoska are dissolved in 1 liter of water.
It is necessary to plant seedlings after warm weather has settled on the street and there is no frost at night. Seeds are sown directly into open ground. They do this in early summer. The beds are dug up, weeds are removed and the seeds are planted at a distance of 20 cm from each other.
One of the popular zucchini varieties is Chaklun. The fruiting period is long, the yield is high. The first fruits appear 40–45 days after sowing the seeds into the soil. You need to collect vegetables until their weight is 500 g. Then the skin of the vegetables becomes hard and the pulp is tasteless. Overgrown vegetables become ribbed and pear-shaped.
The description of the zucchini variety and its advantage is the relative immune defense against most diseases of agricultural crops. Use the fruits for cooking, preservation and preparations for the winter.
This hybrid has many beneficial properties. The fruits ripen quickly, 45 days after germination. The plant does not suffer from rot and mold. The bushes tolerate rainy weather and frost normally. The shape of the vegetables is pear-shaped, the skin tone and pulp are light green. When the zucchini is overgrown, the skin turns dark green. Reviews about the most delicious variety of zucchini are only positive. The culture needs fertile soil.
The characteristic and description of the Karisma F1 zucchini variety is that the plant belongs to the first generation hybrids. The zucchini variety has a high yield. The hybrid is early maturing. The shape of the fruit is elongated, the skin is white-light green. The pulp is tender, juicy. The mass of vegetables is from 600 to 700 g.
Description of zucchini variety Skvorushka is characterized by the fact that the inflorescences of the bushes are predominantly female. It is characterized by high fruit set. The hybrid belongs to the early ones. The fruit is shaped like a cylinder. The skin is green, with strong ribbing near the stalk. The maximum length of a vegetable is 25 cm. The weight of ripe fruits ranges from 500 g to 1 kg 200 g. The use in cooking is universal.
Among the early ripening varieties of zucchini, there is the Pharaoh variety. Refers to the varieties of zucchini. Bushes are compact, medium leafy. Fruits are cylindrical, emerald skin. As it matures, it takes on a black-green color. Among the features of cultivation, the need for top dressing is distinguished. Vegetables grow up to 65 cm in length.The maximum weight of a vegetable is 850 g.
Ultra early variety related to white squash. You can harvest the crop 30–40 days after sowing the seeds into the soil. The skin and pulp are white, the shape of the fruit is oval. Good taste. The pulp is firm to the touch. Suitable for long-term storage. Planting dates for zucchini begin at the end of May.
Ripening rate and care
Early zucchini varieties begin to ripen in mid-July. Shrub varieties of squash and climbing varieties need a lot of sunlight. Therefore, it is advisable to plant seedlings in open sunny areas, and not in the shade.
Thanks to the powerful root system, the plants need a little water. Watering may be infrequent, even if the weather is dry. However, the lack of moisture negatively affects the growth and development of the fruit. One abundant watering every 10 days will be enough.
For open ground, the most productive varieties are planted in the soil zucchini... But it will be possible to achieve high yields only with constant care of the beds. The soil at the beginning of the season at the zucchini is loosened every week. During this period, it is important to make top dressing. The best option as a fertilizer is a mullein solution. Mullein is introduced twice - during flowering and fruiting. During this time, plants need fertilizers the most.
To improve pollination of inflorescences by bees, squash is watered with honey, diluted with water. 30 g of honey are diluted in 1 glass of water and the inflorescences are sprayed early in the morning. This simple method will be able to double the number of pollinated inflorescences.
They begin to grow zucchini when it gets warm outside. The yield is stable throughout the entire fruiting season. The length of vegetables is 17 cm, the crop must be harvested when the length of the zucchini is exactly that. Overgrown fruits are not suitable for human consumption.
During cultivation, lower leaves and weak shoots should be removed. For the rapid growth of plants, mineral fertilizers are applied to the beds. Pulp without bitterness. The skin does not get thick. No insects are required for pollination. The bushes are grown in open and closed ground.
After sowing, the seedlings appear in 45-50 days. The color of the fruit is camouflage. Bushes need regular fertilization of the soil. Differs in high immunity to diseases. They tolerate drought, rainy summers and cold weather normally. Overgrown zucchini have a thick skin and an unpleasant taste.
Which varieties are better
Among the variety of zucchini varieties, it is often difficult to choose the best one. Sometimes, after trying a large number of varieties, you find your ideal zucchini hybrid.
The best varieties of zucchini for planting outdoors:
- Aeronaut is a high-yielding variety, with 1 sq. m harvested under the right growing conditions up to 7.5 kg of zucchini. The peel of the fruit is green, the length of a ripe zucchini is 14–17 cm. The taste is pleasant, the purpose of vegetable cooking is universal. Suitable for long-term storage and transportation.
- Odessa is an early ripening variety that belongs to the bush type of plants. Resistance to diseases of agricultural crops is considered the advantage of Odessa. The shape of the fruit is elongated, cylindrical. The shade of the skin is pale green or yellow. It is more often used for canning for the winter.
- Jellyfish - refers to ultra-early hybrids. Fruit ripening period is 35-40 days. Suitable for growing in greenhouses. Capable of tolerating sudden changes in temperature. Zucchini of light green color with delicate skin. The pulp is dense, the seed chamber is small in size. The length of the zucchini is 25 cm, the average weight reaches 800 g.
- Parthenon is a hybrid bred by Dutch breeders. The bushes are compact, the yield is high. About 15 kg of the crop is harvested from 3-4 bushes. No insects are required for pollination, so the hybrid is suitable for greenhouse cultivation. The shape of the fruit is elongated, cylindrical. The skin is dark green. The pulp is light green. Zucchini hybrid Parthenon is used for cooking, preservation. It is also eaten raw.
Before choosing a certain variety of zucchini, you need to carefully study its description and characteristics of the fruit.